On Friday January 28, 2011 – I arranged for a private tour and program for my graduate students, undergraduate students and alumni to see the money…at The Miami Branch of the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta.It is important for anyone involved in real estate to understand the role of the Federal Reserve in the regulation of monetary policy in the United States of America (the “U.S”.)Monetary policy plays a central role in real estate, especially in the availability credit which drives the market for real estate sales and development.
All 35 of us walked out of the Federal Reserve with bags of money + an unforgettable learning experience!!
(Don’t get too excited…it was shredded money that had been taken out of circulation!)
We also left the Federal Reserve with a clear understanding of the role the Federal Reserve in relation to U.S. Monetary Policy, U.S. Banking and Real Estate.
Being in a Home-Depot-sized-warehouse filled with dollar bills stacked from the floor to the ceiling was only part of the experience.Most interesting and exciting were the private lectures that I worked with the Federal Reserve to plan especially for our class and also being followed by armed guards!
The highlight of the day was a private question and answer session with Mr. Juan Del Busto -the Director and Region Executive of the Federal Reserve Bank of Miami.Mr. Del Busto presented his opinions on the economy based on his over 30 year career at the Federal Reserve.Mr. Del Busto engaged us in a lively discussion and answered their questions candidly and directly.
Mr. Del Busto explained that the Federal Reserve pays close attention to what is happening with businesses and industry to determine the level of flow of money in the economy. This process is formalized via an advisory board called “Branch Directors.”The members of the Branch Directors are business leaders who advise the Federal Reserve Branch in Miami of what the economic and realistic climate is like in their respective businesses such as banking, hospitality & tourism, education, agriculture/farming, and retail.Mr. Del Busto said the latest topic is the impact of the new health care law on employer’s decisions to expand their businesses by hiring new employees.
Mr. Del Busto told us that we are in the midst of a changed economy and job market.He said all employees now need to work harder, seek more training and may even work two jobs until the economic crisis is stabilized.
Mr. Del Busto also explained that the Miami Federal Reserve Branch is home to a large volume of check clearing because of its location physically close to the Miami International Airport.The time it takes to get to the Miami Federal Reserve from the Miami Airport is even less than the time it takes to get from the New York City airports to the Federal Reserve in New York, and for this reason many international currencies choose to fly into Miami to clear the checks faster and eliminate the float.
In addition to hearing directly from Mr. Del Busto, we also learned from presentations made by Ms. Gloria Guzman, the Economics Financial Education Specialist and Ms. Ana Cruz-Taura the Regional Community Development Director.
Ms. Guzman provided us with a presentation about how the Federal Reserve Bank works, what it does and its relation to monetary policy in the U.S.Ms. Cruz-Taura provided us with a presentation on Real Estate and Financial Crisis and the Impact on the Markets and Industry. This presentation led to a heated discussion about the economic downturn, credit market tigtheing, regulatory reform, capital and secondary market restructure, real estate underwriting and investment shifts and fraud in foreclosures. Ms. Cruz-Taura also pointed out that although interest rates are at their lowest ever mortgage underwriting guidelines have become more conservative and this is making it more difficult for borrowers to qualify in the current market.Both presentations generated many thoughtful questions from the students and led everyone to think more about what can be done to solve the problems of the current economic and real estate crisis, as well as to understand the responsibility that the players, the banks, the lenders, the mortgage brokers and the borrowers all bear in relation to today’s crisis.
At the end of the tour no one wanted to leave, but I reminded them they had to go home and prepare their homework for me next week and with and I had to run off to my next commercial listing appointment!
If you would like more information on the Federal Reserve and its relation to real estate please feel free to contact me – Suzanne Hollander, Professor Real Estate – info@theprofessorrealestate.com Below are some of the students comments:
“The Chairman’s discussion was incredibly insightful.He is extremely important and to hear his opinions and advice on current issues the Fed faces is an opportunity you don’t get often”
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“I was amazed just from the beginning at the gates with all the security that the Fed has in order to access its building was just impressive; …The museum’s exhibit was very interesting to see how the money was kept just like IKEA keeps its products is astonishing.Finally I don’t ever recall having seen Billions of Bills like I saw at the end of the tour.It was very exciting to visit the Federal Reserve and I appreciate the opportunity we had. Thank you Teacher!”
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“Mostinteresting to me about the Federal Reserve private tour was meeting Juan Del Busto!He is such an inspiring person, very down to Earth, to learn about his responsibilities and the fact that employees seem to enjoy their jobs and stay there forever.To get an inside look at how money is handled, counted, distributed and shredded.As finance major it would be my dream job now that I’ve been there and seen the branch”
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